The Marriage under the Hindu Law is a sacrament. The conditions for a valid Hindu Marriage are provided for in section 5 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955.
5. (i) Monogamy: The first condition for a valid marriage for Hindus is that neither of the party (read potential partners or husband and wife) should have a spouse living at the time of marriage. If A wants to get married B, then A shouldn’t have any spouse living.
5. (ii) (a) Unsoundness: The parties to a marriage must be capable of a valid consent.
5. (ii) (b) Mental Disorder: The parties even if capable of valid consent mustn’t be suffering from mental disorder leading to an unfit for marriage and for the procreation of children.
5. (ii) (c) Recurrent Attacks of Insanity
5. (iii) Age: The to be husband (groom) should be of 21 years of age and then to be wife (bride) should have completed 18 years of age at the time of marriage. Before October 1978 the age for marriage for the groom was 18 and the bride was 15.
5. (iv) Degrees of Prohibited Relation: The parties shouldn’t be within the degrees of prohibited relation unless customs governing them permit it. Prohibited Relations is defined under Section 3 (g) of the act.
5. (v) Sapindas: The parties mustn’t be Sapindas (in blood relation) to each other. Sapindas is defined under Section 3 (h) of the act.